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Thursday, 20 October 2016

20 Chemical Compounds found in Milk

Milk is a nutritious liquid that is secreted by mammals and used to feed their young, and as food by human beings. Worldwide, dairy farms produced about 730 million tonnes of milk in 2011.

Milk is a key contributor to improving nutrition and food security particularly in developing countries

The principal constituents of milk are

  • Water
  • Fat
  • Proteins
  • Lactose
  • Minerals
  • Pigments
  • Enzymes
  • Vitamins
  • Phospholipids
  • Gases

Milk seemingly white beverage may look innocent, but the hidden ingredients packed into the liquid. According to recent studies on milk, scientists have found single glass of milk can contain a mixture of as many as 20 painkillers, antibiotics and growth hormones etc.

These 20 compounds include

  • Chloramphenicol
  • Florfenicol
  • Pyrimethamine
  • Thiamphenicol
  • Diclofenac
  • Flunixin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Ketoprofen
  • Naproxen
  • Mefenamic acid
  • Niflumic acid
  • Phenylbutazone
  • Triclosan
  • Carbamazepine
  • Clofibric acid
  • β-blockers
  • Metoprolol
  • Propranolol
  • 17α-Ethinylestradiol
  • Estrone
  • 17β-Estradiol

All cow's milk has 59 active hormones, countless allergens, lots of fat and cholesterol. Of those 59 mentioned hormones, one is a powerful growth hormone called Insulin- like Growth Factor ONE (IGF-1). This hormone is essentially a ‘fuel cell’ for any cancer. Furthermore these will promote and worsen all cancers, including those that are exists.

Solution to avoid effects from these type chemical compounds is the usage of organic milk. Organic milk is clearly better as organic dairy cows will not be given rBGH or routine antibiotics.

 One more simple solution is the usage of grass-fed raw milk.

Read More: 20 Chemical Compounds found in Milk

Interesting facts about nitrogen element | Nitrogen Prevents Oxidation of Food

Nitrogen is a chemical element and it can be represented as N and atomic number of 7. In normal conditions nitrogen is a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas. Nitrogen makes up around 78 per cent in our surrounding atmosphere. Nitrogen is one of the primary nutrients critical for the survival of all living organisms. Although nitrogen is very abundant in the atmosphere, it is largely inaccessible in elemental form to most organisms.

Nitrogen is also present in other forms. When people think of nitrogen, they immediately associate it with the air in the environment. Nitrogen not only part of atmosphere but also part of the food they eat every day. Since its discovery, scientists have learned a lot about it and today with technology development nitrogen is commercially available in large amounts, various forms. The most common types are nitrous oxide and super coolant liquid nitrogen. Nitrous oxide is one of the nitrogen compound commonly known as laughing gas.

Liquid nitrogen is nitrogen in a liquid state at an extremely low temperature. It is produced industrially by fractional distillation of liquid air. Liquid nitrogen is a colorless clear liquid. Liquid nitrogen is a compact and readily transported source of nitrogen gas without pressurization. Liquid nitrogen has also become popular in the preparation of cocktails because it can be used to quickly chill glasses or freeze ingredients.

Liquid nitrogen can be applied for freezing and transport of food products, cryopreservation of biological samples, and coolant for superconductors, vacuum pumps, also used in cryotherapy to remove skin abnormalities, shielding materials from oxygen exposure, cooling materials for easier machining or fracturing.

This element is the lightest in the nitrogen group. Nitrogen can join up with other elements. The bonds are very effective because nitrogen’s outermost electron shell has few electrons. That is the reason why it is sometimes used as a buffer gas. Nitrogen is present as one of the building blocks or constituent of amino acids, proteins, nucleic acids, chlorophyll and other biomolecules.

Nitrogen is one of the primary nutrients critical for the survival of all living organisms. Although nitrogen is very abundant in the atmosphere as dinitrogen gas (N2), it is largely inaccessible in this form to most organisms, making nitrogen a scarce resource and often limiting primary productivity in many ecosystems. Only when nitrogen is converted from dinitrogen gas into ammonia (NH3) does it become available to primary producers, such as plants.

Nitrogen is a fascinating element with many unique properties and uses related to fertilizer, dynamite, medical anesthetic and even car racing. Read interesting facts about the nitrogen atom, liquid nitrogen, nitrous oxide, nitric acid, nitroglycerin and much more.

Nitrogen is present in all living things, including the human body and plants. Nitrogen gas is used in food storage to keep packaged or bulk foods fresh. It is also used in the making of electronic parts, for industrial purposes and has many other useful applications. Nitrogen gas is often used as an alternative to carbon dioxide for storing beer in pressurized kegs.

Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, has an atmosphere nearly entirely made of nitrogen. It is the only moon in our solar system known to have a dense atmosphere. Nitrogen is in a liquid state when at a very low temperature. Liquid nitrogen boils at 77 kelvin (−196 °C, −321 °F). It is easily transported and has many useful applications including storing items at cold temperatures, in the field of cryogenics, as a computer coolant, removing warts and much more.

Nitrogen role in health care and diseases

Decompression sickness involves nitrogen bubbles forming in the bloodstream and other important areas of the body when people depressurize too quickly from scuba diving. Similar situations can occur for astronauts and those working in unpressurized aircraft. Nitrous oxide (N2O) is used in hospitals and dental clinics as an anesthetic. Nitrous oxide is also used in motor racing to increase the power of engine and speed of the vehicle. Nitrous oxide is a considerable greenhouse gas and air pollutant. By weight is has nearly 300 times more impact than carbon dioxide.

Nitroglycerin is a liquid used to create explosives such as dynamite. It is often used in the demolition and construction industries as well as by the military. Nitric acid (HNO3) is a strong acid often used in the production of fertilizers. Ammonia (NH3) is another nitrogen compound commonly used in fertilizers.

Rainfall adds about 10 pounds of nitrogen to the soil per acre per year. The nitrogen oxides and ammonium that are washed to earth are formed during electrical storms, by internal combustion engines and through oxidation by sunlight. Some scientists also believe that some of the gaseous products that result from the transformation of nitrogen fertilizers may cause a depletion of the ozone (O3) layer around the earth. The extent of this possible damage has not been substantiated.

Crop residues decompose in the soil to form soil organic matter. This organic matter contains about 5 percent nitrogen. An acre-foot of soil having 2 percent organic matter would contain about 3,500 pounds of nitrogen. Generally, about 1 to 3 percent of this organic nitrogen is converted per year by microorganisms to a form of nitrogen that plants can use.

Commercial fertilizer nitrogen comes in three basic forms

Gaseous nitrogen
Liquid nitrogen
Dry nitrogen
All forms are equally effective when properly applied. Once applied, fertilizer nitrogen is subject to the same transformations as other sources of nitrogen.

Nitrogen Transformations

Nitrogen exists in a number of chemical forms and undergoes chemical and biological reactions.

Organic nitrogen to ammonium nitrogen

Organic nitrogen comprises over 95 percent of the nitrogen found in soil. This form of nitrogen cannot be used by plants but is gradually transformed by soil microorganisms to ammonium (NH4+). Ammonium is not leached to a great extent. Since NH4+ is a positively charged ion, it is attracted to and held by the negatively charged soil clay. Ammonium is available to plants.

Ammonium nitrogen to nitrate nitrogen (nitrification)

In warm, well-drained soil, ammonium transforms rapidly to nitrate (NO3-). Nitrate is the principle form of nitrogen used by plants. It leaches easily, since it is a negatively charged ion (anion) and is not attracted to soil clay. The nitrate form of nitrogen is a major concern in pollution.

Nitrate or ammonium nitrogen to organic nitrogen (immobilization)

Soil microorganisms use nitrate and ammonium nitrogen when decomposing plant residues. The addition of 20 to 70 pounds of nitrogen per ton of these residues is needed to prevent this transformation. After the residues are decomposed, the microbial population begins to die back and processes 1 and 2 take place.

Nitrate nitrogen to gaseous nitrogen (denitrification)

When soil does not have sufficient air, microorganisms use the oxygen from NO3- in place of that in the air and rapidly convert NO3- to nitrogen oxide and nitrogen gases (N2). These gases escape to the atmosphere and are not available to plants. This transformation can occur within two or three days in poorly aerated soil and can result in large loses of nitrate-type fertilizers.

Ammonium nitrogen to ammonia gas (ammonia volatilization)

Soils that have a high pH can lose large amounts of NH4+ by conversion to NH3 gas. To minimize these losses, incorporate solid ammonium-type fertilizers, urea and anhydrous ammonia below the surface of a moist soil.

Applications of nitrogen

This element is present in virtually all pharmacological drugs. In the form of nitrous oxide it is used as an anesthetic. Cryopreservation also uses the gas to conserve egg, blood, sperm and other biological specimens. The CPUs in computers use the gas to keep them from heating up. X-ray detectors also rely on this element.

The element is used in controlling pollution. It is effective in getting rid of unstable organic compounds in liquids. Many industries use it to destroy toxic liquids and vapors in industrial tools. As nitrogen dioxide, the element is vital in the industrial sector. It also serves as an oxidation reaction catalyst. Apart from being an oxidizing agent, it can also be used as a flour bleaching agent and rocket fuel.

It has found several uses in the industrial sector, of which a few important uses are explained below.

Light Bulbs

Nitrogen is often used in making light bulbs. It serves as an inexpensive substitute for argon in incandescent light bulbs.

Packaged Foods

Nitrogen is used to preserve the freshness of packaged foods. Nitrogen can prevent the oxidation of food, and thus delay rancidity and other forms of oxidative damage.


Nitrogen is one of the most important ingredients in fertilizers, to increase soil fertility. It is used to make other fertilizers like ammonia and urea, which are used to promote plant growth and increase yield.

Reactive compounds production

 It can produce a range of unstable and highly reactive compounds, like nitrogen triiodide, ammonium nitrate, trinitrotoluene (TNT), nitric acid, and nitroglycerin.

Electronic Parts

Nitrogen is used for making transistors, integrated circuits, and diodes.

Stainless Steel

Nitrogen is often used in manufacturing stainless steel, electroplating processes in order to make it stronger and more resistant to corrosion.

High Voltage Equipment

Dried and pressurized nitrogen gas is used as a dielectric gas for high voltage equipment. Nitrogen is also used as a pressurizing gas to propel liquids through pipelines.

Nitrogen is also used for pollution control, especially for eliminating volatile organic compounds from liquids. It can help remove harmful vapors and liquids from industrial equipment as well.


Nitrogen is a constituent of almost every major class of drugs, including antibiotics. In the form of nitrous oxide, nitrogen is used as a pharmaceutical anesthetic agent.
Read More: Interesting facts about nitrogen element | Nitrogen Prevents Oxidation of Food

Wednesday, 19 October 2016

Explosion at BASF chemical plant in Germany; 2 killed, several injured

LUDWIGSHAFEN, GERMANY: BASF SE said that two fire firefighters were killed and one person still missing a day after a blast at its chemical complex in its headquarters Ludwigshafen, Germany.

According to Wall Street Journal report, this accident occurred, during pipeline work, when a small fire broke out, and the cause remained unknown led to a blast at, followed by several other explosions and fires.

This blast forced the company to shut down more than 20 facilities, including its two steam crackers which produce the basic hydrocarbon chemicals such as propylene and ethylene used to manufacture a wide range of plastics and other chemicals.

“8 others were seriously injured and 17 others suffered minor injuries in the blasts,” said Margret Suckale, BASF executive board member.

She added that the company hasn’t yet measured the financial consequences of the disaster and couldn’t say whether losses were covered by insurance.

BASF further said that there was no danger to the community from toxic smoke, and it has stopped the chemicals from leaking into the Rhine river.
Read Full Story Here: Explosion at BASF chemical plant in Germany; 2 killed, several injured

Tuesday, 18 October 2016

Benzene: A carcinogen found in soft drink | People falling Sick after having carbonated drinks or soft drinks

Michael Faraday discovered benzene in 1825. Benzene formula was proposed by Friedrich August Kekule. Benzene formula is C6H6 with the molar mass of 78.11 g/mol. Benzene structural formula includes aromatic, cyclic, six carbon, six hydrogen organic compound. Benzene used as solvent in various industries.Benzene is parent organic aromatic compound. Derivatives of benzene compound include cumene, ethylbenzene, styrene, cyclohexane, and aniline.

 A carbonated drink tastes good on a hot day but did you know people are falling ill after having carbonated drinks or soft drinks.

One of those reasons for the sickness is a chemical called Benzene. Benzene is a deadly carcinogen chemical that causes cancer.

 When you drink a soft drink

Within 20 minutes of drinking a soft drink

Within 20 minutes of drinking a soft drink blood sugar spikes and your liver responds to the resulting insulin burst by turning massive amounts of sugar into fat. The continuing insulin burst, over time, eventually creates insulin resistance and finally diabetes can be the result.

Within 40 minutes of drinking a soft drink

Caffeine absorption is complete; your pupils dilate, your blood pressure rises, your blood vessels dilate and your liver dumps more sugar into your bloodstream.

Around 45 minutes of drinking a soft drink

Increase serotonin production, which stimulates the pleasure centres of your brain – a physically identical response to that of heroin, but not as strong. It can cause anxiety and depression.

After 60 minutes of drinking a soft drink

Sugar crash will start in the body. A sugar crash leads to signs of lethargy and weakness; hunger may also become noticeable, as well as sadness.

The recommended limit for benzene in drinking water is 5 parts per billion (ppb), researchers have found benzene levels as high as 79 ppb in some soft drinks.

Benzene in every day life can be used in the following sectors

  • Clothing
  • Packaging
  • Paints
  • Adhesives
  • Unbreakable windows
  • Plywood
  • Computer casings
  • Compact discs
  • Dyes
  • Agrochemicals
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Beverages
  • Cosmetics
  • Personal care products
  • Solvents
  • Degreasers
  • Mineral spirits
  • Plastics
  • Rubber products
  • Resins
  • Glues
  • Dyes
  • Detergents
  • Pesticides

 Benzene has also long been recognized as an effective industrial solvent and degreaser, a use that remained quite popular for many decades. And with the rise of the automobile, benzene became a popular gasoline additive to increase octane ratings and reduce engine knocking. Benzene is still a component of gasoline.

In 1928, medical experts recognized a connection between benzene exposure and leukemia.

In 1948, American Petroleum Institute (API) showed that benzene can cause leukemia.

In 1990, a study reported having found benzene in bottles of Perrier for sale in the United States.

In 1993, research showed how benzene can form from benzoic acid in the presence of vitamin C

In 2006, the Korea Food & Drug Administration (KFDA) detected benzene in 27 out of 30 (90%) vitamin-enriched drinks.

In 2008, Coca-Cola announced that it would be phasing out sodium benzoate from many of its drinks

Most of the people are becoming victims of exposure to small amounts to hazardous levels of benzene including in beverages.

 Benzene in carbonated drinks

 Benzene has been detected sporadically at low levels in some soft drinks. It is thought that this occurs as a result of an interaction between the preservative sodium benzoate and ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Sodium benzoate is added as a preservative to prevent mould growing in the drinks and vitamin C may be used as an antioxidant or may be naturally present.

People who have inhaled very high levels of benzene in the workplace have been found to have an increased risk of cancer. Benzene is present in the atmosphere from exhaust emissions. On average, people breathe in 220 μg of benzene every day. For smokers cigarette smoking is the main source of exposure at 7900 μg per day.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has set a guideline level for benzene in water of 10 μg/kg.

Benzene levels are regulated in drinking water nationally and internationally, and in bottled water in the United States, but only informally in soft drinks.

The majority of the drinks contained benzoates and ascorbic acid, which are thought to react to form benzene. A limited number of mango juices and cranberry drinks were chosen as these fruits have been found to naturally contain benzene. In addition, a small number of drinks containing ascorbic acid and alternative preservatives such as sorbates or sulfur dioxide were chosen to help establish whether benzene was occurring from sources other than sodium benzoate.

Other factors that affect the formation of benzene are heat and light.

Other factors that affect the formation of benzene are heat and light. Storing soft drinks in warm conditions can speeds up the formation of benzene.

Soft drink                                            Benzene amount

  • Diet coke                                             <1 ppb
  • Sprite                                                  <1 ppb
  • ROCKSTAR Energy Drink                    <1 ppb

 Following methods are used to detect benzene levels in carbonated drinks

 RSSL Method

 This method utilizes SPME (solid phase microextraction) and GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry).

 CSL method

 This method utilizes headspace and GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry)

Read Full Story Here: Benzene: A carcinogen found in soft drink | People falling Sick after having carbonated drinks or soft drinks

Why Chillies are so Hot? Read the Chemistry behind Red Hot Chillies

Did anyone thought how Chillies will get hot flavour? Burning sensation on your tongue after having chillies? And Why do we passionate to eat chillies even though they are hot?

When you’ve eaten spicy food in precise chillies you will get tears in your eyes, and your mouth feels burning sensation and as a course of action spontaneously you will have a glass of water to suppress the hotness. But still after having a glass of water you feel to drink more water! All this kind of taste, burning sensation and heat on your tongue is due to a chemical named ‘Capsaicin’ which is present in chillies.

Why do we passionate to eat chillies even though they are hot?

The reason behind why people are passionate to eat chillies even though they are hot is when nerve cells release substance p ( neuropeptide functions as a neurotransmitter and as a neuromodulator ) and these act on brain cells in the same way that opium-derived drug morphine does, as a result, you feel good. The degree of heat produced by chillies can be measured by ‘Scoville scale’. The number of Scoville heat units (SHU) indicates the amount of capsaicin present.


  • Chemical Scoville heat units
  • Capsaicin 16,000,000
  • Dihydrocapsaicin 15,000,000
  • Nordihydrocapsaicin 9,100,000
  • Homodihydrocapsaicin 8,600,000
  • Homocapsaicin 8,600,000
  • Nonivamide 9,200,000


Capsaicin is a capsaicinoid, a family of chemicals found in these peppers which induce the feeling of heat upon ingestion. There are five other major capsaicinoids; however, capsaicin is the most prevalent and strongest. Capsaicin retains its original potency despite time, cooking, or freezing. Capsaicin is a chemical compound which stimulates chemoreceptor nerve endings in the skin, especially the mucous membranes.

There are six types of capsaicinoids

  • Capsaicin
  • Dihydrocapsaicin
  • Nordihydrocapsaicin
  • Homodihydrocapsaicin
  • Homocapsaicin
  • Nonivamide


Capsaicin is an odourless, flavourless, lipophilic substance. It belongs to alkaloids, is a derivative of vanillylamide and has three function groups.

History of capsaicin
The molecule was first isolated in 1816 in crystalline form by P. A. Bucholz and again 30 years later by L.T. Thresh, who gave it the name "capsaicin". The structure of capsaicin was partly elucidated by E. K. Nelson in 1919. Capsaicin was first synthesized in 1930 by E. Spath and F. S. Darling.

Capsaicin is an irritant for mammals, including humans, and produces a sensation of burning in any tissue with which it comes into contact. Capsaicin and several related compounds are called capsaicinoids and are produced as a secondary metabolite by chili peppers, probably as deterrents against certain herbivores and fungi.

Capsaicin, as a member of the vanilloid family, binds to a receptor called the vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1). VR1 can be stimulated with heat and physical abrasion and thereby it permits cations to pass through the cell membrane and into the cell when activated.

The resulting depolarization of the neuron stimulates it to signal the brain. By binding to the VR1 receptor, the capsaicin molecule produces the same sensation that excessive heat or abrasive damage would cause, explaining why the spiciness of capsaicin is described as a burning sensation.

The VR1 ion channel is member of the superfamily of TRP ion channels i.e., TRPV1. There are a number of TRP ion channels that have been shown to be sensitive to different ranges of temperature and probably are responsible for our range of temperature sensation. Thus, capsaicin does not actually cause a chemical burn, or indeed any damage to tissue but it causes only the sensation.


  • Capsaicin applications in food sector
  • Capsaicin applications in medical sector
  • Capsaicin applications in pest control
  • Capsaicin applications weight loss and regain

Capsaicin applications in Food sector

It is used in food products to give them added spice or heat.
In high concentrations capsaicin will also cause a burning effect on other sensitive areas of skin
To get experience the pleasurable and even euphoriant effects
Capsaicin applications in Medical sector

Capsaicin is being used in

  • Topical ointments
  • High-dose dermal patches
  • In pain relieving treatment
  • In post-herpetic neuropathy
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Hernia repair and
  • Osteoarthritis

Capsaicin applications in pest control
Capsaicin is also used to deter mammalian pests and to improve crop security.
Capsaicin applications weight loss and regain

 It causes a shift in substrate oxidation from carbohydrate to fat oxidation as a result of this there is a decrease in appetite as well as a decrease in food and fat intake. The reduction in fat intake will have changes in weight of the person.

Read Full Story Here: Why Chillies are so Hot? Read the Chemistry behind Red Hot Chillies 

Monday, 17 October 2016

New carbon-free public bus that charges in 15 seconds

GENEVA, SWITZERLAND: ABB Ltd, Geneva's public transport operator TGP, the Office of Promotion of Industries and Technologies, and the Geneva power Utility SIG have joined forces to develop electric buses that need just 15 seconds of charge to run a whole 2 km.

TOSA (Trolleybus Optimisation Systeme Alimentation) is a zero-carbon-emission solution as the electricity (power) used comes totally from clean hydro power. The charging time is so quick that it does not interfere with the bus schedule and improves the urban environment and landscape as it does not need overhead lines while providing greater route flexibility. The system uses a laser-controlled moving arm, which connects to an overhead receptacle for charging at bus shelters, instead of the usual trolley poles to overhead lines.

In 2017, Geneva one of the world’s leading cities will have these new line of buses that will likely change the face of public transport in its recognized global center of diplomacy, a financial hub and a technology and innovation center.

At first sight, these buses look like the regular electric trolley buses one sees in most European cities. But look towards the roof of one of these buses and you will see that instead of trolley poles - that connect to overhead lines - there's a moving arm on the bus that connects to an overhead receptacle, which is in turn integrated with a bus terminal.

This electric bus will have a capacity of carrying as many as 135 passengers. The bus will be charged directly at selected stops with a 15-second energy boost while the passengers enter and leave the bus, based on a new type of automatic flash-charging mechanism. The pilot project runs between Geneva airport and the city’s international exhibition center, Palexpo.

The 15-second flash charging technology developed by ABB, has the potential to transform urban public transport and will be relevant to countries such as India which are trying to balance infrastructure growth with sustainability. India currently operates on slow charging platforms but for buses and in order to expand infrastructure for electric vehicles, fast charging is a must.

TOSA importance in India

Transport represents India's greenhouse gas emissions for a tenth and road transport accounts for 95 percent of that.

According to Times of India report, a study by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), one diesel bus replaced by an electric bus on Indian roads will lead to a CO2 reduction of around 25 tonnes a year. India has 150,000 diesel buses. If all of these are replaced by electric buses, that amounts to reduce 3.7 million tonnes of CO2 emissions a year in India.

This technology will then empower - quickly - the creation of smart cities; Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision is to have 100 smart cities in India. This will also boost India's Paris Climate Accord goals. Under the Accord, India has committed to reduce emission intensity by as much as 33 percent, by 2030. India has also agreed to have 40 percent of its total installed electric power capacity come from non-fossil-fuel-based energy resources by 2030.

"We see a big trend towards urbanization which causes a lot of traffic congestion. One of the solutions to that is people travelling together on public transport, and the need for that to be emission free. TOSA is a system that meets those needs and it is a technology that offers flexibility. This is a way to be economically viable, green and energy efficient," said Bruce Warner, Global Product Specialist for rail and urban transportation, ABB.
Read Full Story Here: New carbon-free public bus that charges in 15 seconds

Safe cosmetics for beautiful makeovers

Won’t it be nice to have a radiant, skin-kissed glow all the time? How great it would be to have your eyebrows in shape, bright, glossy lips, flawless skin and perfectly styled hair? It not just gives you that ultimate chic look but also uplifts the confidence, making you more presentable.

With the growing importance among people to project their best self-image, make-up has become an unavoidable part of our daily routine. Today, the market is flooded with thousands of cosmetics of various brands. Slowly, these luxurious beauty products with their alluring features are taking over the world by their side.

A step towards safer cosmetic alternatives

Though these beauty products have become an inevitable part of our lives, the fact that they are completely not safe cannot be ignored. We often hear about the luxurious creams and lotions containing harmful chemicals, posing a serious threat to our health and overall well-being, most of them even being carcinogenic. Does that mean one should stop using cosmetics or let the toxic beauty take a toll on our safety? The answer is fortunately a NO. You can choose great working beauty and personal care products with minimal chemical exposure.

Here are few tips to choose your cosmetics wisely

Look for certified lables on the cosmetics you purchase
Learn to read the ingredients listed on the lable
Check for the composition on the product, avoid buying beauty products with heavy metals, parabens, phalates and 1,4 dioxane to name a few
Do not purchase beauty and personal care products on heavy discounts
Never use the products that have crossed their expiry dates
Switching to organic make-up products is another alternative
Why not choose home remedies?
Isn’t the path to safer makeovers, simple? Don’t fall for all the marketing claims, choose your cosmetics cleverly. Now is the time to flaunt your beauty with gorgeous makeovers! Spread your charisma everywhere you go! Get admired and mesmerize the world with your impressive style statement!!!

Cosmetic industry – An overview

The giant cosmetic industry is ever rowing and expected to reach $265 billion by the  end of this year. As per a report by "Global Beauty Care Products Industry 2012-2017:  Trend, profit and forecast analysis" the global cosmetic sector will see a growth of  3.4% over the next five years. With the growing  customer base, the cosmetic industry  does not see any threat in the near further. The cosmetic industry surprises us with  amazing products every year, lets wait  and see with what new goodies are they going  to excite us in the coming years!

Read Full Story Here: Safe cosmetics for beautiful makeovers

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